Skip to main content

United States Soil Conservation Service Region Eight Records

Identifier: MSS-289-BC

Scope and Content

The Soil Conservation Service Records consist of twenty-two boxes which were originally part of the Soil Conservation Service's Southwest Region library in Albuquerque. The Southwest Region, Region 8, covered Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. Original library catalog numbers appear in the contents list under each entry.

The collection contains reports, maps, photographs, soil surveys, and diagrams for areas in the Southwest Region. Work plans and programs for the soil conservation districts contain lists of property owners and maps of their Some of the reports in the Rio Grande area cover life in the Hispanic villages of New Mexico in the 1930's, and there are reports and photographs of the flood destruction of the village of San Marcial, New Mexico in 1937. Boxes 18 and 19 contain valuable information on the life and customs of Indian tribes, such as the Pima, Hualapai, Papago, and the San Carlos and San Xavier Reservations in Arizona. The four boxes pertaining to the work of the Soil Conservation Service on the Navajo Reservation in the 1930's contain economic reports, photographs, reports on grazing problems, soil and water conservation, and human dependency statistics.


  • 1919-1953

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The Rio Grande series (Boxes 16 and 17) should be accessed via microfilm or online at New Mexico Waters.

Copy Restrictions

No photocopying of originals in the Rio Grande series. Copies may be made from the microfilm or from the online version.

Limited duplication of CSWR material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. Permission is required for publication or distribution.

Institutional History

The Soil Conservation Service was first known as the Soil Erosion Service under the Secretary of Interior by an allotment made August 25, 1933. By the authority of the Soil Conservation Act of 1935 (49 U.S. Stat 163) the Service was established under the Department of Agriculture. The Soil Conservation Service was abolished October 13,1994 (108 U.S. Stat 3225) and its functions assumed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.

During its lifetime the Soil Conservation Service had the responsibility for developing and carrying out a national soil and water conservation program in cooperation with landowners, land operators, and other land users and developers, with community planning agencies, regional resource groups, and with other federal, state, and local government agencies.

The Soil Conservation Service provided technical assistance to locally organized and operated conservation districts and consulting assistance to individuals and groups. Approximately 3000 conservation districts covered more than 2 billion acres in the 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.

Through these districts the Service assisted local owners and operators in carrying out locally adapted soil and water conservation programs. Assistance included the provision of soil maps and surveys, and other resource data, such as botanical and wild life surveys, information about treating the land, developing plans for installing dams, fencing, and other barriers.

The Soil Conservation Service was also responsible for flood prevention and watershed operations in cooperation with local, state, and other public agencies. Dams were constructed to prevent flood and soil erosion.


22 boxes (21.26 cu. ft.), plus 3 oversize folders

Microfilm Edition

The Rio Grande series (Boxes 16 and 17) is available on microfilm at CSWR.

Rio Grande Reports Online

The Rio Grande series (Boxes 16 & 17) is available online at New Mexico Waters.

Related Material

Soil Conservation Service. Regional Bulletin Series, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Government Documents, Zimmerman Library, University of New Mexico Wayne Lambert Pictorial Collection. Center for Southwest Research. University of New Mexico. C. V. Theis Papers Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico

Separated Material

Loose photographs transferred to United States Soil Conservation Service Photograph Collection.

Master digital files on CD stored in B3.
Finding Aid of the United States Soil Conservation Service Region Eight Records, 1919-1953
Edited Full Draft
Processed by Mina B. LaCroix
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::MSS 289 BC::United States Soil Conservation Service Region Eight Recrods)//EN" "nmu1mss289bc.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131