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Ann Nolan Clark Native American Education Papers

Identifier: MSS-1011-BC

Scope and Content

The collection consists of materials related to the education of Native American children, including administrative documents, curriculum materials, teacher guides, and mimeographed compilations of work written and produced by students. Most items are specific to the Southwest, with a few from the Mountain West and Great Plains. Some touch on the role and effects of World War II on native populations.

Some of the curriculum texts are hand-colored by the students who used them. Ann Nolan Clark hand-bound some of the compilations in colorful floral fabric. These student publications included collections of indigenous lore, as well as students' creative works and their own observations on their culture and the world around.


  • 1935-1979
  • Majority of material found within 1942-1945

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of print and photographic material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws.

Biographical Information

Ann Nolan Clark (1896–1995) was an American writer. Born in Las Vegas, NM, Clark graduated from New Mexico Normal School (New Mexico Highlands University) in Las Vegas at age 21. She taught English at Highlands University. In the early 1920s, she began teaching Native American children how to read. Her interest in minority children caused her to enter the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1930 as a junior high school teacher. Since then Clark taught Indian children throughout the Southwest, completed education-oriented UNESCO assignments in Latin America, and authored several children's books. Between 1940 and 1951, the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs published 15 of her books, all relating to her experiences with Native Americans. Life and travels abroad led her to write additional books.

In the 1940s, Clark went on to supervise the production of materials in Central and South America for the Institute of Inter-American Affairs. In 1945 the Institute sent her to travel and live for five years in Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil, training native teachers to work with their own people. One of her works from this period, Secret of the Andes won the 1953 Newberry Medal.

Clark died in 1995 in Arizona. She published 31 books with an emphasis on Indigenous American culture, mostly through the eyes of its children. The Nolan House in Las Vegas, NM, is on the National Register of Historic Places as one of the first quarry stone houses there.


1 Box (1 cu. ft.) and one Oversized Folder

Physical Location

Oversized folder shelved in B2 drawer A12 by collection number.

Related Archival Material

Ann Nolan Clark Letters, University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research

Ann Nolan Clark Manuscripts, 1962, Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library

Ann Nolan Clark Manuscript, 1969, Archives and Special Collections, New Mexico State University Library extref show="new" href="">Jeanne Whitehouse Peterson Papers pertaining to Ann Nolan Clark. Center for Southwest Research. University of New Mexico.

Separated Materials

Ann Nolan Clark's published books that were included with these papers have been transferred to CSWR's book holdings.
Inventory of the Ann Nolan Clark Native American Education Papers, 1935-1996
Wendy Pedersen
© 2018
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131