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Hispanic Rural Teachers Oral History Project,

Identifier: MSS -634-BC

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a bound volume, which contains a project history and transcripts for 9 of the 10 interviews. There are 10 audio cassette tapes (60 minute) containing interviews with 8 individuals. There are 6 DVDs, each containing a single interview. Audio recordings are audio versions of the video recordings. Not all interviews have a transcript, an audiotape, and a DVD. For example, there is only an audiotape of the Elba C. De Baca interview; the Carlota Gonzales interview consists only of a transcript. Interviews are mostly in English, however, some contain conversation in Spanish. Audio tapes have been duplicated for patron use. Video tapes have been converted to DVD. Original tapes are located in B3.


  • 1989-1997 (bulk 1992)

Language of Materials

English Spanish

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of CSWR material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. Permission is required for publication or distribution.

Project History

The goal of this oral history project was to document the lives of Hispanic women who were devoted to educating children in rural New Mexico during the period surrounding statehood. The project was directed by Erlinda Gonzales-Berry. María Dolores Gonzales Velásquez was project assistant, and Tey Diana Rebolledo, was project associate. Funding and support came from the Center for Regional Studies and the Southwest Hispanic Research Institute at the University of New Mexico.

The interviews were conducted with ten women in their late seventies or eighties who became rural teachers early in their lives, and made teaching a life-long career. The researchers were interested in their subjects individual lives, as well as in broader social and cultural issues. Questions concerning why these women chose to cross the traditional gender and cultural boundaries from the private domestic domain into the public sector were discussed. How the women juggled the demands of career and family, and how were they viewed by their communities are explored in the interviews, as are their roles as "americanizers" of Hispanic and sometimes Native American students. Recurring motifs include poverty, supportive families, obstructive political structures, social discrimination, and community vitality and support.


1 box

Selected Video Interviews Online

Video interviews with Anita Dominguez Chavez, Celina Martinez de Salazer, Josephine Cordova, Mary Sanchez and Virginia Gonzales are avaliable online in the New Mexico's Digital Collections.

Separated Material

Original audio tapes are located in B3. Master video files are stored on library file server.


Interviewee Date Transcript Audiocassette DVD
Guadalupe Baca Vaughn 03/18/92 Yes 1,2 None
Dora Ortiz Vasquez 03/18/92 Yes 3 1
Josephine Cordova 02/07/92 Yes 4,5 2
Mary Sanchez 03/20/92 Yes 6 3
Virginia Gonzales 12/10/94 Yes 7 4
Anita Dominguez Chavez 06/24/93 Yes 7 5
Celina Martinez Salazar 08/23/96 Yes 8 6
Rafaelita Chavez 02/18/92 Yes 9 None
Elba C. De Baca 10/08/94 No 10 None
Carlota Gonzalez 02/01/89 Yes None None
Finding Aid of the Hispanic Rural Teachers Oral History Project, 1989-1997 (bulk 1992)
Processed by PBK
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::MSS 634 BC::Hispanic Rural Teachers Oral History Project)//EN" "nmu1mss634bc.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131