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Thomas C. Windes Records

Identifier: Coll 0042

Scope and Contents

Scope and Contents:

The records include field notes, site maps, site forms, artifact tallies, photographs, memorandums, correspondence, manuscripts, administration records, personnel files, conference papers, floppy discs and CD-R.


  • 1934-2007


Biographical / Historical


Thomas C. Windes devoted his over thirty year National Park Service career to the study of Chaco Canyon. Windes received his bachelor's degree in anthropology from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (1965) and his Master’s in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico (1967). Windes honed his field work skills under the supervision of esteemed anthropologist/archaeologist of Chaco Canyon, Florence Hawley Ellis. In 1969 Windes worked on a field crew for Dr. Ellis excavating Sapawe in the Chama country of New Mexico. He also served as Dr. Ellis' teaching assistant for the excavation of Tsama in the Chama region in 1970. Tom Windes was employed as an archaeologist by the Chaco Center, from 1971-1985. He was a key staff member of the Chaco Project and authored many publications (including the Pueblo Alto and 29SJ 629 excavation reports), reports and manuscripts (see Collection 0002). When the Chaco Center disbanded, Windes transferred to the Southwest Regional Office, Cultural Resources Division. For the remainder of his NPS career, he worked on various surveys within and around Chaco Culture National Historical Park. In 1997 he chaired the Pecos Conference annual meeting held in Chaco Canyon, just south of the park's boundary. Thomas Windes' areas of professional expertise are broad ranging (ceramic analyses, archeomagnetic dating and tree-ring dating, ant mound studies, turquoise craft activities, trading networks) and are extensively represented within this collection. This collection represents Tom Windes’ research after the disbanding of the Chaco Project in 1986 and through his retirement in 2005. Windes continues to be an active researcher of the Chacoan region and generously devotes his time as a volunteer in Chaco Canyon.


17.3 Linear Feet

Language of Materials




Organized into 13 series: Series I: South Ridge Survey, 1988-1989 Series II: East Community Study, 1987-1997 Series III: PI Valley Study, 1993-1999 Series IV: Pueblo Pintado Study, 1999-2001 Series V: Basketmaker III - Pueblo I Survey, 1990-2004 Series VI: SITE FORMS (from all projects) (1987-2004) Series VII: Administration Documents Series VIII: Images Series IX: Conference Papers Series X: Archeomagnetic Data Series XI: General Research Series XII: CAIRN Research Series XIII: Digital Data Series VII: Administrative Records SERIES VIII: Images SERIES IX: Conference Papers SERIES X: Chaco Canyon Sample Set / Archeomag Data SERIES XI: General Research and Maps SERIES XII: CAIRN SERIES XIII: Digital Data SERIES XIV: Desk Files


Provenance:NPS, Thomas C. Windes

Related Materials

CHCU ACC NO 601, COLL 0002, COLL 0015
Finding Aid for Thomas C. Windes Records
Coll 0042
Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the NPS Chaco Culture National Historical Park Repository

Chaco Culture NHP & Aztec Ruins NM Museum & Archives Program
Hibben Center Rm 307 - MSC01 1050
450 University Blvd NE
Albuquerque NM 87106 USA