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Marshall B. Clinard Collection

Identifier: Coll 0055

Scope and Contents

Notes, Photographs, Ephemera, Photo Album


  • 1837-1932 (Bulk 1930-1931)

Biographical / Historical

MARSHALL CLINARD was a UNM Chaco Field School student in 1931, when he was 19. He spent the entire summer there, the first 6 weeks earning college credit in archeology with the University of New Mexico and School of American Research. The courses were under the direction of Edgar Hewett. At the end of the formal field school season, many of the students left, but Marshall was kept on for an additional four weeks during which he and several other students continued to excavate at Chetro Ketl. Work by Clinard included supervision of Navajo workmen as they excavated rooms in Chetro Ketl; he also assisted with removal of material from the kiva by constructing a tripod and bucket system. He did not keep field notes for these last four weeks; presumably Paul Reiter kept those notes. Gus Griffith ran the Lodge, where the students had their meals. Patsy, Gus’ daughter, and Marshall spent considerable amounts of free time together riding two palominos that her family owned. Patsy was about 16 years of age and because the family had lived at Zuni, as well as in Chaco, Patsy was fluent in both Zuni and Navajo. Through her, Marshall was able to communicate with the Navajo and ask questions about their culture, with which he was fascinated. Marshall’s photograph album is a compilation of his and Janet Woods' pictures from 1931. Marshall had become good friends with Janet Woods during both the Jemez field school in 1930 and the Chaco field school in 1931; thus, the inclusion of her photographs in his album. In addition, he obtained several additional photographs from the NPS facility in Tucson. Although Marshall had intended to obtain his Ph.D. in Anthropology, funding during the Depression was limited. Although promised full support for his studies in anthropology, that did not happen; his fellowship was rescinded due to lack of money. He was able to continue his doctoral work in sociology and became a specialist in criminal behavior. At one time, he had been asked by the U.S. Dept. of Justice to examine corporate crime and the publication that resulted, “Corporate Crime,” is the foremost publication in its field. He also maintained his interest and taught classes in anthropology. He often attended functions in Santa Fe, e.g., at the School of American Research. As part of her project to document the Chaco Field Schools, Joan Mathien interviewed Marshall Clinard on December 12, 2006, and scanned the images in the photo album. After Dr. Clinard died on May 30, 2010, his widow offered to donate this material.


1 Linear foot

Language of Materials



Organized into 3 Series: Series I: Photographs, Series II: Ephemera, Series III: Notes


Finding Aid: Marshal B. Clinard Collection
Collection 0055
Chaco Culture National Historical Park National Park Service
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the NPS Chaco Culture National Historical Park Repository

Chaco Culture NHP & Aztec Ruins NM Museum & Archives Program
Hibben Center Rm 307 - MSC01 1050
450 University Blvd NE
Albuquerque NM 87106 USA