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Buffalo Soldiers in Columbus, New Mexico Photograph Collection

Identifier: PICT-2010-001

Scope and Content

Photos show soldiers at rifle and machine gun practice, at chow line, at attention, etc. On the back of one photo is a pencil note indicating that the soldiers were in a company from the 24th Infantry, based at Columbus, N.M., January 20, 1918.


  • 1918

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of print and photographic material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. For more information see the Photographs and Images Research Guide and contact the Pictorial Archivist.


Through an act of Congress, legislation was adopted to create six all-African American Army units. The units were identified as the 9th and 10th cavalry and the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st infantry regiments. The four infantry regiments were later reorganized to form the 24th and 25th infantry regiments; the nickname "Buffalo Soldiers" began with the Cheyenne warriors in 1867. The actual Cheyenne translation was Wild Buffalo. The nickname was given out of respect and the fierce fighting ability of the 10th cavalry. Over time, Buffalo Soldiers became a generic term for all African American soldiers.

The March 9, 1916 attack by Pancho Villa's men on Columbus, N.M. had pointed out the vulnerability of the lengthy border with Mexico. General John J. Pershing led a punitive expedition into Mexico in pursuit of Villa. Two black regiments, the 10th Cavalry and the 24th Infantry were part of the expedition. Following the withdrawal of the Punitive Expedition in February 1917, the 24th Infantry with 1,170 black soldiers was stationed at Camp Furlong in Columbus. By 1920, the 3,600-member regiment represented one of the largest black military communities ever to have resided in the West until its removal in 1922.


16 items (1 box) : 16 photographic prints

Language of Materials


Collection Available Online

This collection is available online via New Mexico's Digital Collections.
Finding Aid of the Buffalo Soldiers in Columbus, New Mexico Photograph Collection, 1918
Edited Full Draft
Wendy Pedersen
© 2010
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131