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Long Canyon Ranch Pictorial Collection

Identifier: PICT-000-989

Scope and Content

The Long Canyon Ranch Pictorial Collection is focused on the Long Canyon Ranch in Taiban, New Mexico, but also includes references to New York City, of how the Herlihy family came to New Mexico, as well as life after the Ranch.

The Long Canyon Ranch Pictorial Collection is comprised of 658 total items including 494 photographs, 111 album pages, 21 postcards (double-sided), five service notes with envelopes, and one envelope relative to the Herlihy family in New Mexico. Image sizes range from 2 x 2 in. to 8.5 x 10.5 in.

The majority of the photographs are of the Herlihy family including Jenny and her five sons ("Dick," "Ted," Lester, Herbert, and George). The photographs and albums mostly consist of black and white prints (many using sulfide toner per the resulting sepia brown coloring popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries). Additional photographs taken in the late 20th century (1985) are of areas in and around Taiban, New Mexico. The postcards include areas of New Mexico, travel destinations and locations of employment across the USA, as well as messages from active military.


  • 1860-1989
  • Majority of material found within 1910-1929

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of print and photographic material is allowed for research purposes. Duplication of recordings permitted only with written permission from artist, performer, interviewer and interviewee, tribal authority, or current holder of intellectual property rights. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. For more information see the Photographs and Images Research Guide and contact the Pictorial Archivist.

Historical Information

The Long Canyon Ranch property, located near Taiban, New Mexico, was land used by the Mescalero Apache Tribe and the Comanche Nation prior to the 1860s. With the passing of the Homestead Act in 1862, the western U.S. was opened up to settlement. In the late 1860s, John Chisum, a wealthy cattle baron, and his herds of cattle found a new home in the Pecos River watershed that was grazed by bison and included the land at Long Canyon. After Chisum died in 1884, the northern part of his land became known as the Horseshoe Ranch.

Homesteading in New Mexico was difficult per the arid climate with limited water supply, but these challenges did not deter the Herlihy family. They moved to New Mexico in 1910 and settled on the Horseshoe Ranch property. It became known as the Long Canyon Ranch following the Herlihy family's incorporation by the State of New Mexico of the Long Canyon Cattle Company in 1919. By 1921, Long Canyon Ranch was approximately 40,000 acres.

Frank George Herlihy was born in New York City, New York, on December 4, 1898, and died in Los Angeles, California, on October 25, 1989. He was the youngest of seven children born to Theodore Ernest Herlihy and Jenny Martha (Schultz) Herlihy. After the passing of his father in 1901, and with the exception of his eldest brother "Dick" who stayed in NYC, George and his family made the long trek via steamships, trains, and wagon to New Mexico to create a new life as ranchers. George stayed in New Mexico for much of his formative years before moving to Tucson, Arizona, where he received a Bachelor of Law degree with honors and distinction on June 26, 1926. He later received his JD (Juris Doctor) to become “Dr. Herlihy.” After passing the bar exam in California on March 18, 1927, George and his brother, Herbert, formed the firm Herlihy and Herlihy, Inc., Attorneys at Law in Los Angeles, California. Exactly 60 years later, on March 18, 1987, George retired, leaving the firm to the next generation of Herlihys. George prepared his memoir to tell the tales of his life experiences focused at Long Canyon Ranch.


663 items (1 box) : 494 photographs, 111 album pages, 21 postcards, 6 notes/envelopes ; sizes range from 2 x 2 in. to 8.5 x 10.5 in.


The Long Canyon Ranch Pictorial Collection is focused on the ranch in Taiban, New Mexico, but includes other locations traveled to by the Herlihy family.

Physical Location

B2. Shelved by Pictorial Number.

Collection Available Online

The majority of the Long Canyon Ranch Pictorial Collection is available in digital format from New Mexico's Digital Collections.

Separated Material

Long Canyon Ranch Collection

Manuscript, memorabilia, and other documents are found in Collections (MSS 989 BC).

Negatives (1900-1920s) associated with prints are stored elsewhere.

Processing Information

Collection was originally processed in 2017. An additon of 5 photographs was processed in August 2019.
Finding Aid of the Long Canyon Ranch Pictorial Collection, 1860-1989
Laurie GJ Firor
© 2018, 2019
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131