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Manilla and Posada Pictorial Collection

Identifier: PICT-000-428

Scope and Content

This collection contains a total of 6 broadsides, 4 by Posada and 2 by Manilla, all of which were printed by Antonio Vanegas Arroyo in Mexico City.

The collection was transferred from CSWR Manuscript Collections to CSWR Pictorial Collections in January 2000.


  • [189-?]-1913

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is shelved in High Security.

Copy Restrictions

Duplication of print and photographic material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for copyright compliance. For more information see the Photographs and Images Research Guide and contact the Pictorial Archivist.


Little is known of the life and work of Manuel Manilla. He was born circa 1830, and died of typhus in the late 1890's. In 1882, Manilla began work as the first illustrator/engraver at Antonio Vanegas Arroyos studio in Mexico City. He is credited with making approximately 500 engravings while there, relating to subjects including street life, story characters, corridos, bullfighting, circus and magic scenes, and the Virgin. He was an artist of the people. Manilla was a teacher and predecessor of José Guadalupe Posada. Manilla began popularizing the calaveras, or skeleton caricatures, in the Mexican press. The calaveras were produced to be sold on the Dia de los Muertos, the Mexican Day of the Dead, celebrated on November 2nd. Shortly after José Guadalupe Posada began to work for Vanegas Arroyo in 1892, Manilla retired.

José Guadalupe Posada was born in Aguascalientes, Mexico in 1852. For a short while, both men worked together at Antonio Vanegas Arroyos studio. Posada was an illustrator, engraver, and etcher. He was not well known or widely acclaimed during his lifetime. His popularity began in the years following the Mexican Revolution, and he is now considered one of Mexico's greatest printmakers. Vanegas Arroyo estimates that Posada produced more than 15,000 engravings, devoted to expressing the sorrows, joys, and hopes of the Mexican people. Diego Rivera wrote that "[a] study of his work would give a complete picture of the social life of the Mexican people... In Posada's work everything and everybody is caricatured as skeleton, from the cat to the cook, from Porfirio Díaz to Zapata, including the farmer, the artisan, the dandy, not to mention the worker, the peasant and indeed the Spanish coloniser." Posada died in 1913, soon after the beginning of the Mexican Revolution. He was buried in a paupers grave.


6 items (1 box) : 6 broadsides

Physical Location

B2. Shelved in High Security by Pictorial Number.

Posada Prints Online

Some of the prints by José Guadalupe Posada from this collection are available, along with other Posada prints, in the José Guadalupe Posada Collection of Mexican Popular Prints, part of the Center for Southwest Research's digital Pictorial Collections.

Related Material

Spanish Graphical Ephemera Collection, University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for Southwest Research. Mexican Bookplate Collection, University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for Southwest Research. Mexican Broadsides Collection, University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for Southwest Research. El Periquillo Collection, University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for Southwest Research.


Contact Information

  1. Center for Southwest Research
  2. Zimmerman Library
  3. University of New Mexico
  4. Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-1466
  5. Phone: 505-277-6451
  6. Fax: 505-277-0530
  7. Email:
  8. URL:
Finding Aid of the Manilla and Posada Pictorial Collection, [189-?]-1913
Processed by CSWR staff
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::PICT 000-428::Manilla and Posada Collection)//EN" "nmu1pict000-428.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131