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Spanish Civil War Pictorial Collection

 Collection
Identifier: PICT-000-320

Scope and Content

Photographs, photomechanical prints, posters, and postcards related to the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. The materials were collected by David Gordon who participated in the war as a member of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. The majority of the photos show images of the military experience of the international brigades depicting various important places of battle and headquarters; military personnel; military life; camp life; and war damage.

The posters and postcards depict a number of the same themes and have various artists, including Jose Bardasano and Jose Renau in common. The posters and postcards address issues such as: Propaganda of the P. S. U and U. G. T.; Support of the Popular Front and the Republican Army; Health and Hygiene; Literacy and Culture; Role of the International Brigades and international support of the Republican forces; and various important events and battles in the unfolding of the Spanish Civil War.

The posters are organized into the following categories based upon subject headings derived from the Biblioteca Nacional catalog: Pro-Republican; Anti-fascist; Commemorative; Culture and Literacy; Health; International Brigades; Pro-popular Army/Recruitment; Posters of Regional Issues and Unity; Tourist posters; Nationalist posters; Madrid; Mexico; Revolutionary and Political; and Youth Organizations. The postcards are organized into eighteen categories, many similar to the posters, but also includs themes such as Children's Art; Identified persons of the Spanish Republic; the Red Cross; and scenes of France and Spain.

Dates

  • 1937-1939

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Duplication of print and photographic material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for copyright compliance. For more information see the Photographs and Images Research Guide and contact the Pictorial Archivist.

History

During the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), 2,800 American volunteers took up arms to defend the Spanish Republic against a military rebellion led by General Franco and aided by Hitler and Mussolini. To the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, which fought from 1937 through 1938, the defense of the Republic represented the last hope for stopping the spread of international fascism. The Lincolns fought alongside approximately 35,000 anti-fascists from fifty-two countries who, like themselves, were organized under the aegis of the Comintern, and who also sought to "make Madrid the tomb of fascism." In keeping with Popular Front culture, the Americans named their units the Abraham Lincoln Battalion, the George Washington Battalion, and the John Brown Battery. Together with the British, Irish, Canadian, and other nationals they formed the Fifteenth International Brigade. ("Lincoln Brigade" is a misnomer originating with an American support organization, Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade). One hundred twenty-five American men and women also served with the American Medical Bureau as nurses, doctors, technicians, and ambulance drivers.

Extent

597 items (2 boxes, 2 drawers) : 307 photographic prints, 221 postcards, 69 posters

Language of Materials

English

Spanish; Castilian

Abstract

Photographs, photomechanical prints, posters, and postcards related to the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939.

Physical Location

B2. Shelved by Pictorial Number. Posters shelved in oversize and extra-oversize drawers by Pictorial Number.

Separated Material

Pictorial material separated from the Spanish Civil War Collection.

General

Contact Information

  1. University of New Mexico
  2. MSC05 3020, 1, University of New Mexico
  3. Center for Southwest Research
  4. Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001
  5. Phone: 505-277-7173
  6. Fax:
  7. Email: cswrref@unm.edu
  8. URL: http://elibrary.unm.edu/cswr
Title
Finding Aid of the Spanish Civil War Pictorial Collection, 1937-1939
Status
Approved
Author
Processed by Pictorial Collections Staff
Date
©2006
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

Contact:
University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131
505-277-6451