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Clinton P. Anderson Photographs

Identifier: PICT-000-020

Scope and Content

Collection consists of photographs related to Sen. Anderson's political career as well as 19th century New Mexican scenes and portraits, many of them politicians. Twentieth century political leaders such as U.S. Presidents Franklin Roosevelt, Truman, Kennedy, and Johnson are included, as are Churchill, Stalin, and Edward VIII. Many New Mexican politicians such as Senators Dennis Chavez and Joseph Montoya, Govs. Bruce King and John Miles, Manuel Lujan and many others also appear. There is an oversize color photograph of the U.S. Senate (1963). Events include: the Tehran Conference during WWII, J. F. K.'s presidential campaign, and the dedication of the Meson Physics Facility at Los Alamos, NM. There are photos related to Sen. Anderson's activities in the fields of atomic energy, conservation, and the space program (NASA). An album of color photos documents the visit of Pres. Diaz Ordaz to Washington and the trip of Sen. Anderson and Pres. Johnson to the U. S. Mexican border in 1967. Among the collection's early photos are bath houses at Ojo Caliente, mining in Socorro, the bridge at Santo Domingo, and a coyote dance

Box 9 contains duplicate prints that are not available to the public but will be used in future exhibits.


  • Majority of material found within 1946-1975
  • 1848-1975

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Barnes & Caplin photos are copyrighted.

For all other items, duplication of print and photographic material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for copyright compliance. For more information see the Photographs and Images Research Guide and contact the Pictorial Archivist.


Clinton Presba Anderson, statesman, businessman and rare book collector, was born October 23, 1895 in Centerville, South Dakota. He attended Dakota Wesleyan University and the University of Michigan. A broken back put his father out of work in 1916 and Anderson quit school to help support his family. He worked as a newspaper reporter in Mitchell, South Dakota until he became seriously ill with tuberculosis. Given six months to live, Anderson headed for the favorable climate of New Mexico and arrived in Albuquerque in October 1917. He convalesced at the Methodist Sanitarium where he occasionally wrote for the Herald of the Well Country. When he was well enough to leave the sanitarium, he went to work as a reporter for the Albuquerque Herald. In 1919 he was sent to Santa Fe to cover the legislature. Unimpressed with how the Republican party was running the state, he befriended some Democrats and gave them his ideas on bills before the legislature. Some of those ideas eventually became state law and Anderson began a life long association with the Democratic Party. He became State Chairman in 1928.

His long career of public service began as Executive Secretary of the New Mexico Public Health Association in 1919. There he raised money to fight tuberculosis, established county health programs and was instrumental in founding the state public health department.

In the early 1920s Anderson pursued private business affairs. Newspaper work seemed to offer a poor future, so in 1922 he started in the insurance business of the New Mexico Loan and Mortgage Company. He was soon able to buy the business and change the name to the Clinton P. Anderson Agency, a successful and enduring enterprise. Actively involved in the Rotary Club of Albuquerque since 1919, he was elected to the International Board in 1930 and became president of Rotary International in 1932, a position that introduced him to many business and political contacts.

Anderson returned to public life with an appointment to the State Treasurer's office in 1933. That was followed by appointments as director of the Bureau of Revenue, Relief Administrator for the State of New Mexico, Western States Field Coordinator for the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, State Director of the National Youth Administration, Chairman of the New Mexico Unemployment Security Division, and Managing Director of the Coronado Cuarto Centennial Commission, among others. It was Anderson's style to take on a newly created position or an emergency situation, organize it, and then leave when he felt that all was running smoothly.

A conflict among members of the state Democratic Party convinced Anderson to run for the House of Representatives in 1940. Utilizing his many business and political contacts throughout the state Anderson won the election. For the next three decades he would divide his time between Albuquerque and Washington, D.C.

Anderson became known for his thorough investigative work and during his three terms in the House, was assigned to several special committees, including the chairmanship of the Special Committee to Investigate Food Shortages in 1945. The committee argued for a streamlined food distribution system and emphasized long-range planning for increasing food production. It was his success in that assignment, along with their personal friendship, that led to his appointment by Harry Truman as Secretary of Agriculture in June 1945.

As Secretary of Agriculture he faced his biggest challenge. The United States faced serious food shortages and much of the rest of the world was starving. Utilizing his organizational skills, Anderson incorporated all existing food and agricultural activities under his office and, in a controversial move, brought in Herbert Hoover to head the Famine Emergency Committee.

U. S. food production and world wide distribution was stabilized by 1948. Anderson considered leaving the Cabinet and retiring from public life altogether. However, state and national representatives of the Democratic Party convinced him to run for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Carl Hatch. Anderson won the election and went on to serve four full terms as U.S. Senator from New Mexico. He served on the Agriculture Committee, the Interior Committee, the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, the Finance Committee and the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee. The causes that he worked for, often with far reaching results, included water resources and distribution, land conservation and a wilderness preservation system, the peaceful use of nuclear energy and Medicare.

Anderson retired to his home in Albuquerque in 1972 where he pursued his interest in collecting rare books and historic research materials. He died at home on November 11, 1975.


493 items (11 boxes and 1 large folder ) : 484 prints, 4 slides, 3 negatives, 2 albums


Photographs related to Senator Anderson's political career. Also contains some 19th century New Mexican scenes and portraits collected by Anderson.

Physical Location

B2. Boxes shelved by Pictorial Number, oversize boxes shelved in Big Box location, and Folder in Large Drawers.

Separated Material

These photographs were transferred from the Clinton P. Anderson Papers.


Contact Information

  1. Center for Southwest Research
  2. Zimmerman Library
  3. University of New Mexico
  4. Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-1466
  5. Phone: 505-277-6451
  6. Fax: 505-277-0530
  7. Email:
  8. URL:
Finding Aid of the Clinton P. Anderson Photographs, 1946-1975
Processed by staff
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::PICT 000-020::Clinton P. Anderson Photographs)//EN" "nmu1pict000-020.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131