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Robert L. Anderson American Indian Movement Papers

Identifier: MSS-695-BC

Scope and Content

Anderson's American Indian Movement papers contain correspondence, news clippings, articles, audio and video tapes, posters, t-shirts and other memorabilia. Anderson's FBI files, requested under the Freedom of Information Act are also included in the collection. The collection covers the time period from the Wounded Knee occupation in 1973 until 1996.

The collection focuses on Native American and indigenous issues, emphasizing the American Indian Movement's activities and personalities which include Leonard Peltier, Russell Means, Dennis Banks, Anna Mae Aquash, Robert Robideau, Vernon and Clyde Bellecourt, and Tim Giago, editor of Indian Country Today. Much of the materials pertain to the Wounded Knee occupation and its fallout.

Materials in the collection also reference Native American perspectives on the Columbian Quincentenary, the Trail of Broken Treaties resolution, the International Indian Treaty Council, nuclear/environmental issues affecting tribal lands, Native American sovereignty, religious freedom, Native American representation, etc. Issues such as United States counter-intelligence operations, and the "workings" of the F.B.I. are illuminated via materials in this collection.

CDs in the collection consist of recordings made during and about the Wounded Knee occupation, as well as a recorded talk by Russell Means. Audio tapes of the 20 year reunion of Vietnam Veterans Against the War, present at the occupation of Wounded Knee are restricted. Copies of CDs for patron use are in box 3 of the collection.

In August 2009 CDs containing an interview with Robert Anderson were added to the collection. The interview questions used by Matthias Voigt are included.


  • 1973-2009


Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of CSWR material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. Permission is required for publication or distribution.

Biographical Information

Robert L. Anderson (b. 1944), educator, community leader, and Vietnam Veteran, has been at the center of progressive, political activism on many fronts. Anderson is a member of the Vietnam Veterans Against the War, and along with four other New Mexico Vietnam Veterans against the War, was present at the 1973 occupation of the Pine Ridge Reservation, supporting the American Indian Movement. Anderson has been a labor union organizer, and ran for Congress as a New Mexico Green Party candidate in 1998.

Anderson earned his B.A. in English Literature from University of South Florida (1971), M.A. in Public Policy Management from Carnegie Mellon University (1987), and Ph.D. in American Studies from the University of New Mexico (2000). He has extensive teaching, writing and research experience, and continues to be an activist, focusing primarily on social and environmental justice.


3 boxes (1 cu. ft.)


This collection consists of correspondence, news clippings, publications, audio, video, and memorabilia relating to contemporary Native American issues and prominent American Indian personalities. The collection includes FBI files requested by Robert Anderson under the Freedom of Information Act, as well as materials pertaining to the American Indian Movement (AIM) and individuals such as Leonard Peltier, Russell Means, Dennis Banks, Ward Churchill, Tim Giago and Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, among others.

Related Archival Material

Robert E. Robideau American Indian Movement Papers Center for Southwest Research. University Libraries. University of New Mexico. Kay Cole Papers Center for Southwest Research. University Libraries. University of New Mexico. Columbian Quincentenary Collection Center for Southwest Research. University Libraries. University of New Mexico. Robert Anderson Papers. The Archives of Industrial Society. University of Pittsburgh. Christopher Felver Photograph Collection Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico

Separated Material

Restricted access recordings and preservation copies of all audio tapes are stored in B3.

The following publications are available in Zimmerman Library's general collection.

Rethinking Columbus: teaching about the 500th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in America. Portland: Rethinking Schools, 1991. Crosswinds: New Mexico's news monthly. Santa Fe. Volume IV, Number VIII August 1992; Volume 5, No. 9 August 1993. The Circle: news from a native perspective Minneapolis: Minneapolis American Indian Center, Volume 14, No. 2, February 1993; Volume 14, No. 10, October 1993. THE: Santa Fe's monthly magazine of the arts. Santa Fe. August 1992; August 1993. Inside Santa Fe & Taos. Santa Fe. August 1993. Santa Fe Sun: Northern New Mexico's Alternative Newspaper. Santa Fe. August 1992, Volume 4, No. 10; October 1992, Volume 4, No. 12; August 1993, Volume 5, No. 10. Sharpe, J. Ed, The Cherokees Past and Present: an authentic guide to the Cherokee people. Cherokee: Cherokee Publications, 1991.


  • Churchill, Ward & Vanderwal, Jim, The Cointelpro Papers: documents from the FBI's secret wars against domestic dissent (Boston: South End Press, 1990).

Relevant Secondary Sources

  • Voices from Wounded Knee, 1973, in the words of the participants (Rooseveltown: Akwesasne Notes, 1974).

Processing Information

Interview with Robert Anderson added to collection in August, 2009.
Finding Aid of the Robert L. Anderson American Indian Movement Papers, 1973-2009
For Approval
Processed by Chris Vigil
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::MSS 695 BC::Robert L. Anderson American Indian Movement Papers)//EN" "nmu1mss695bc.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131