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Caroline and Margaret Schmidt Papers,

Identifier: MSS -641-BC

Scope Content

The collection is organized into two series: Caroline Schmidt Papers and Margaret Schmidt Papers. Each series has an Education subseries which contains class lecture notes and tests, University of New Mexico publications and material covering each woman's teaching career. Caroline's papers also include individual subseries Politics and Community materials.

Caroline Schmidt Papers

The education subseries includes Caroline's notes, tests and papers for her education, school administration and psychology classes. Often she used one notebook for more than one subject. Materials on the Delta Kappa Gamma Society include her membership certificate, membership pin, membership handbooks for 1979-1982, 1976 convention program and the booklet Biographies of Members of Gamma chapter, Delta Kappa Gamma, 1956-58. The booklet contains photographs of the featured members. Classroom teaching materials include the poster, "community helpers," a work plan for grades 1-8 in reading, school music material, textbook lists, supplemental reading lists from San José Experimental School, and administrative information on Barelas School. The election material for Caroline's bid for Superintendent of Bernalillo County schools includes clippings, speeches, campaign cards, letters of encouragement and congratulations. A letter and campaign flyer are in Spanish. This subseries also contains clippings and publications on educational issues in New Mexico as well as national and local educational material. Caroline was secretary of the New Mexico Educational Association (NMEA) and the collection contains the organization's correspondence, 1936-1946. Also included is material on the NMEA Central District Conventions, including programs and copies of addresses of speakers for the 1946 convention in Albuquerque. The National Education Association of the United States material contains pamphlets, including one on personnel practices in Santa Fe, New Mexico (1961) and another on teacher salaries in 1940. The Politics subseries is comprised of campaign literature, a 1948 re-election poster for Georgia Lusk for U.S. Representative, political ephemera for Senator Dennis Chavez, a poster of Democratic candidates for the 1940 Bernalillo County elections, official program of the 1946 Democratic State Convention, Bernalillo County precinct information and sample election ballots for various primary and general elections. The Dennis Chavez ephemera and sample ballots are in English and Spanish.The Community subseries includes minutes and treasurer's reports, 1967-1972, of the Ladies League of the Parish of the Immaculate Conception Church and religious census blanks for the University Y.M.C.A. and Y.W.C.A. Caroline used the back of the census forms for note taking. There are various certificates for Caroline including a citation from the USA War Production Board for the War Salvage Program, and the U.S. Treasury Department for the War Finance Program. Also found in this subseries is personal correspondence, clippings, travel receipts and a Jefferson Awards entry form for Caroline.

Margaret Schmidt Papers

Margaret's papers include notes, tests and papers from her child care, vocational education and child psychology classes. Among the honor societies material are her membership certificate and membership pin from the Delta Kappa Gamma Society. The Albuquerque Public Schools Teachers' directory, 1937/38-1963/64 and the Albuquerque Public Schools Personnel directory, 1958/59-1962/63 can also be found in Margaret's papers.

The collection contains one small tintype of an unidentified man.


  • 1913-1992


Language of Materials

English Spanish

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of CSWR material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. Permission is required for publication or distribution.

Biographical Information

In 1946, New Mexico U.S. House of Representative member, Georgia L. Lusk recruited Caroline Schmidt to work as her administrative assistant. Lusk supported federal aid for education, stronger school lunch programs, veteran legislation, New Mexico irrigation and reclamation projects. After Lusk lost her bid for re-election, Caroline returned to teaching until 1951 when she became the principal at Valle Vista Elementary under Albuquerque Public Schools. She retired in 1967 and still resides in Albuquerque.

Caroline Schmidt was born in Albuquerque on February 24, 1897. After graduating from Saint Vincent Academy in 1915, she attended the University of New Mexico where she received special training in public school administration and supervision. In 1921, she received the New Mexico Teacher's Professional Certificate. Returning to school later, she received a Bachelor of Science degree in Education from the University of New Mexico in 1950. In 1916, Antanasio Montoya hired Caroline to teach second and third grades at the Alameda Grade School in Bernalillo County. Two years later she was appointed principal of the school and assigned to teach 4-8th grade. She was also principal and teacher at Barelas and South Second Street Elementary Schools. She was principal at East San José school for the 1939/40 school year. Running on the Democratic ticket in 1940, she won the race for Bernalillo County School Superintendent. After serving 1941-1945 as superintendent, she returned to East San José.

Involved in education and community organizations, she held various positions from secretary to president. She was a member of Pi Lambda Theta, Delta Kappa Gamma, New Mexico Educational Association, New Mexico Elementary Principals Association, Administrative Women in Education, American Association of School Administrators and the Ladies League of the Parish of the Immaculate Conception in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Margaret Schmidt, the second oldest of five children, was born Mary Margaret on August 9, 1894. During her career she was a school teacher, principal, guidance counselor and attendance director. Graduating from Saint Vincent Academy in 1912, she went on to receive a certificate in 1913 for completing studies in the School of Education at the University of New Mexico. In 1922, she received the New Mexico Teacher's Professional Certificate and in 1939 she earned her Bachelor of Science in Education from the University of New Mexico. She was a member of Phi Kappa Phi, Phi Lambda Theta and Delta Kappa Gamma Society. She served on the Board of Trustees of the Ladies League at the Immaculate Conception Church and was a substitute teacher at St. Mary's School. She taught at various schools including Alameda and Second Ward City. In 1939, she was a teaching principal at Bandelier Elementary, becoming a guidance counselor the following year. As a guidance counselor, she originated the homebound student program. In 1964, after 51 years of service, she retired and began a career as a consultant. She died May 5, 1996 in Albuquerque.

Sources: Immaculate Conception Church, 1883-1983, Albuquerque, N.M., Josten's, [1983]; Whitney, Virginia Koogler, Women in Education: New Mexico, [Quanah, Tex.], Nortex Press, 1977; Wiley, Tom, Forty Years in Politics and Education: Some Memories, Recollections, and Observations, Albuquerque, N.M., C. Horn Publisher, [1973]; Vertical Files: "Education - Prominent people - N.M.," article on Margaret Schmidt, Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico; "Schmidt, Caroline, " Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico


3 boxes (3 cu. ft.) + 1 oversize folder


This collection contains papers of Caroline Schmidt and her sister Margaret, covering their teaching careers and education in New Mexico. It also includes political campaign material from New Mexico elections in the 1940's.

Separated Material

Elementary principal. New Mexico Education Association Elementary Principals Section, v.1, no. 1 (Feb. 1935) transferred to CSWR book collection. (ZIM CSWR LB 1501 N8)
Finding Aid of the Caroline and Margaret Schmidt Papers, 1913-1992
Processed by T.S. Reinig
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131