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Eli H. Bailey Logbook

Identifier: MSS-530-BC

Scope and Content

Sergeant Eli H. Bailey's logbook chronicles this young man's participation in the American Civil War as a Union Soldier from May 1, 1863 to November 8, 1863. He fought in the famous battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Daily military camp life fills his logbook. He writes mainly about the men in his regiment, the weather, road conditions, and the food rations. He repeatedly notes the numerous fatalities and injuries among the soldiers, especially the high rate of amputations. Sergeant Bailey faithfully made daily entries in his logbook.

May 1 - 3, 1863 records his participation in the bloody battle of Chancellorsville. The battle was fought in Northern Virginia, near Fredericksburg. On May 3 he wrote, " brother got killed about eight o'clock, he was struck in the breast and died a few minutes afterwords[sic]..."

After marching north through the town of Frederick City, Maryland, Eli's regiment reached Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 2nd. On arrival he noted, "... we were soon after fired apon[sic] by two of the rebel batterys then we fell back under cover...". The fighting at Gettysburg raged on from July 1st to the 3rd. After the bloody ordeal had ended, 23,049 Union soldiers were dead and 28,000 Confederates had lost their lives. Sergeant Bailey suffered a minor injury at Gettysburg, "... I received one shot in my thigh...". He immediately left the scene and received medical treatment at the corps hospital. The Battle of Gettysburg ended General Robert E. Lee's offensive operation in the North. Gettysburg marked a turning point in the war in favor of the Union effort.

In August, Sergeant Bailey went on furlough to Philadelphia to be with his family. On August 2, he "...went to [a] meeting in the city with Mother and cousin Rachel Hill [where] we took dinner...". Again on August 17th, he noted, "... went to the city with Mother and Father...". His weeks on furlough were filled with these family meetings, meals, and attending church services on Sundays. Bailey was still on furlough when his logbook ends abruptly in mid sentence on November 8, 1863.


  • 1863 May 1-Nov. 8

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication of CSWR material is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy, and libel laws. Permission is required for publication or distribution.


1 box ( .35 cu. ft.)

Related Material

United States Civil War Collection Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico.

Secondary Sources

  • John A. Blair, Civil War Diary of John Blair. M.A. Thesis, University of New Mexico, 1949.
  • Roller, David C. and Robert W. Twyman, Encyclopedia of Southern History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.
  • Symonds, Craig L. and William J. Clipson, A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil War. Annapolis, MD : Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1983
Finding Aid of the Eli H. Bailey Logbook, 1863 May 1-Nov. 8
Processed by CSWR staff
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Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::MSS 530 BC::ELi H. Bailey Logbook)//EN" "nmu1mss530bc.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131