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Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier Sketches

Identifier: MSS-34-BC

Scope and Content

The laminated reprints of paintings and sketches reflect the portions of Bandelier's expeditions reported to Dr. Norton and recorded in Bandelier's journals from the year 1880. The sketches reflect expeditions from a wider range of years (from 1880-1893). Some of these are also alluded to in Bandelier's letters to Norton and in his journals, in which, at times, he makes reference to having drawn the groundplots of particular ruins. Many of the sketches are labeled with regard to place (in New Mexico), while others are left unidentified. Some are accompanied by notes regarding the composition of the buildings and the artefacts found nearby. In some cases, Bandelier has sketched the potsherds related to particular settlements or ruins. Among the other items sketched are pottery, Apache fetishes, Apache headdresses, Zuñi symbols with their corresponding interpretations, graphics, Apache arrows, Apache musical instruments, a medicine bowl, metates and manos, kivas of Santo Domingo Pueblo, "Devils of the Sun," a copper rattle, what appear to be the accoutrements of Matachines dancers, and a "wand" of straw, leather, and parrot feathers. In two cases, sketches are attributed to other parties (Dr. Matthews and Dr. Charles S. Gibson). These sketches are of a Comanche tepee of buffalo skins and a Navajo medicine lodge. One of these sketches is accompanied by a note in Bandelier's hand relating the item to Morgan's work, thus demonstrating Morgan's ever present influence on Bandelier's fieldwork. The named ruins sketched include La Bajada, Potrero de la Cuesta Colorada, Painted Cave (Cueva Pintada), Potrero de las Casas, Santo Domingo Pueblo, San Cristobal, Pueblito, Loma de la Parida, Galisteo, Pueblito de la Parida, Potrero Chato, San Miguel, Horse Pen Valley, Pueblo de Barro, Cerro de San Diego, Loma Pelada, Manzano, El Rito Cliff Rooms, Joyoalana, San José de Las Tusas, Zuñi, Sunflower, Potrero del Alamo, Pueblo del Encierro, San Felipe Pueblo, Cuaray, Tajique, Estufa, Abó, Cañon Quemado, Potrero de las Vacas, and Rito de los Frijoles. Some of these sites are now incorporated into Bandelier National Monument. Unnamed ruins are identified in geographical relation to local ranches, rivers, or acequias. The sketches are numbered, in pencil, by a hand other than Bandelier's. Some are labeled by this unidentified hand as well.


  • 1880-1893


Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication is allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for compliance with all copyright, privacy and libel laws. Permission is required for publication or distribution.


Adolph F. Bandelier, 1840-1914, began archaeological explorations in New Mexico in 1880 as the first Fellow of the Archaeological Institute of America. While he also conducted expeditions in South America and Mexico, this collection pertains to his Southwestern explorations. This period of his research was overseen by Professor Charles Eliot Norton, of Harvard, who was President of the Archaeological Institute of America at the time. Norton employed Bandelier to pursue investigations in New Mexico. His work was also heavily influenced by Lewis Henry Morgan.


1 box ( .83 cu. ft.) Plus 1 oversize folder


The collection consists of 1 roll of tracings of Indian ruins made evidently in 1882 by Adolph Bandelier, and about 34 sheets of varying sizes with 158 individual sketches from his journals, as well as 11 laminated reprints.

Related Material

Adolph Bandelier Collection, Fray Angélico Chávez History Library. Santa Fe, N.M.

Relevant Secondary Sources

  • Lange, Charles H., Carroll L. Riley, and Elizabeth M. Lange, eds., The Southwestern Journals of Adolph F. Bandelier, 1889-1892. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984.
Finding Aid of the Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier Sketches, 1880-1893
Processed by K. Stocker
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Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//University of New Mexico::Center for Southwest Research//TEXT (US::NmU::MSS 34 BC::Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier Sketches)//EN" "nmu1mss34bc.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the UNM Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections Repository

University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research & Special Collections
University Libraries, MSC05 3020
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque NM 87131