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Spanish Archives of New Mexico II,

Identifier: 1959-200

Scope and Content

Collection consists of administrative, civil, military, and ecclesiastical records of the Spanish colonial government in New Mexico, 1621-1821. Records cover both the local and provincial levels, and include correspondence between officials in Santa Fe and Mexico. Few pre-Revolt documents are contained in this collection. Significant documents from the Pueblo Revolt period (1680-1693) include Antonio de Otermin's 1681 journal of the attempted reconquest of New Mexico, and various administrative and judicial records for the exiled government in El Paso del Norte, Diego de Vargas' journal of the 1692-1693 reconquest and the subsequent re-establishment of Spanish government through 1691. Also included are accusations of the Cabildo of Santa Fe and a series of depositions against Vargas in 1697-1698, together with numerous administrative, military, and judicial records reflect the political and social turmoil of the post-revolt period. The materials over the next 120 years of Spanish rule span a broad range of subjects, revealing information about such topics as domestic relations, political intrigue, crime and punishment, material culture, the Camino Real, relations between Spanish settlers and Native Americans, the intrusion of Anglo-Americans, and the growing unrest that resulted in Mexico's independence from Spain in 1821.

Collection is in Spanish.


  • 1621-1821

Language of Materials


Access Restrictions

Access to original materials restricted. Use microfilm only (Spanish Archives of New Mexico II).

Copy Restrictions

Limited duplication allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.


21 linear feet, 22 microfilm rolls linear feet


Collection is organized into three series:
  1. I. Spanish Archives of New Mexico, 1621-1821
  2. II. Miscellaneous documents (related materials microfilmed from other collections at the state Archives and University of New Mexico)
  3. III. Orders and decrees, 1656-1821


Documents are described in Ralph Emerson Twitchell's The Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Volume II (Torch Press, 1914).

Alternate Format

Available on microfilm.


Contact Information

  1. New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
  2. Archives and Historical Services Division
  3. 1205 Camino Carlos Rey
  4. Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505
  5. Phone: 505-476-7908
  6. Fax: 505-476-7909
  7. Email:
  8. URL:
Inventory of the Spanish Archives of New Mexico II, 1621-1821
Edited Full Draft
Processed by staff
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English

Revision Statements

  • June 28, 2004: PUBLIC "-//New Mexico State Records Center and Archives//TEXT (US::Nm-Ar::1959-200::Spanish Archives of New Mexico II)//EN" "nmar1959-200.sgml" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • Monday, 20210524: Attribute normal is missing or blank.

Repository Details

Part of the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives Repository

1209 Camino Carlos Rey
Santa Fe NM 87507
(505) 476-7948